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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - Conventions
    I m not like yeah I m an American you know to the top Repetition Repeated words or expressions are separated by a comma DR I I like to go skiing in the snow but I don t want to have to dig my way out of it every day JF I think it s true that that there is racism in racism in in California but it s really well hidden NB Commas mark repetition and short pauses in the discourse Thus in the following example the first comma stands for a short pause the second for a repetition the third indicates a repetition that coincides with a short pause at the same time and the fourth one marks a short pause JF Uh it s okay it s you know it s it s really it s really weird teaching you know I don t know to the top Parentheses Observations made by the transcriber on non linguistic aspects of the interaction noises stammering laughter etc and on the recording background action quality problems are placed between parentheses DG That s at the beginning of the week so it s hard to remember laughter Uh we read a couple of theoretical texts comparing irony to allegory TB My father he is from Canada door opens F returns Actually he was born in Massachusetts Unintelligible words are indicated by the capital letter X in parentheses The number of Xs inserted ideally corresponds to the number of incomprehensible syllables JV because not XX all the cases are uh show up in the pronoun system Words are often hard to decipher due to noise or other interferences in this case the commentaries are inserted in separate parentheses RF kicked everyone out of the airport and made to go you know noise X shoot the bag and see if it blows up and uh In cases where the transcriber thinks s he has probably recognized a word or sequence of words but is not fully sure the word is put in parentheses JG Maybe I ll stay in the technology sector and uh hopefully do something with creativity like maybe product design or writing you know maybe marketing oriented something like that laughter to the top Reported speech Reported speech is transcribed between inverted commas DR And then when Bush said read my lips no new taxes and then you know TB And there was a woman at the other line and she said oh no message and so I was TB and she said I had won the prize and I said didn t you just call to the top Some features of spoken English in relation to spelling Obviously many reductions and contractions occur in spontaneous speech Contracted forms are used in our transcriptions only in so far as they are allowed in standard spelling Note in the following example the co occurrence of a non contracted and a contracted form the former bearing a slight emphasis JG Yeah I

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/conv (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - Samples
    for the accents that are being studied within PAC project for explanations about the methodology of data collection see the page Protocol The text documents are available in pdf format Wordlist 1 vowels Wordlist 2 consonants Text The conversations recorded within the PAC project are transcribed in standard spelling for explanations about the conventions of the orthographic transcription of conversations see the page Conventions To access the transcription of the

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/samples (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - Links
    Database Publications Tools Management board You are here Home Links About PAC PAC Protocol Conventions Samples Links Events NEWS ABOUT LVTI LVTI PROTOCOL Conventions SAMPLES EVENTS NEWS The PFC Project

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/links (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - Events
    linguistics NEWS ABOUT LVTI LVTI PROTOCOL Conventions SAMPLES EVENTS NEWS PAC 2012 The Phonology of Contemporary English Variation and change University of Toulouse II Le Mirail Toulouse France Feb 29 March 2 2012 Workshop On the status and use of corpora in linguistics Equipe EMMA Etudes Montpelliéraines du Monde Anglophone Université Montpellier III Montpellier France June 1 2 2013 PAC 2013 The Phonology of Contemporary English Spoken English Corpora from

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/2013-04-10-09-53-53 (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - NEWS
    parsing at the segmental level modeling of the melodic curve representation of prosodic form Interphonology in English learning contexts new perspectives from EFL and ESL research organizers V Lacoste N Herry Bénit T Kamiyama contact This email address is being protected from spambots You need JavaScript enabled to view it This workshop offers to look into various aspects of the phonetic and phonological systems developed by learners of English in the context of foreign language learning EFL and English as a second language ESL in various parts of the world Interphonological phenomena at the segmental and suprasegmental level will be explored in the learners phonological repertoires at different stages of their development Variation will be of particular interest in this workshop inter speaker and intra speaker variation not only will be examined within the learners developing phonological system but also across English learning situations i e in EFL and ESL contexts One may ask for instance Do interphonological phenomena surface in the same way and to the same extent in situations of EFL and ESL In other words are the features developed by learners the same whether they are EFL learners or ESL learners If not how different are they and which extra linguistic factors are involved To what extent is such comparison tenable altogether both theoretically and empirically What is the role of input in contexts where different varieties of English are spoken While promoting interdisciplinary research this workshop aims at bringing together scholars from a formal linguistic tradition and variationist sociolinguists interested in learner phonology to deepen our understanding of interphonological systems where variation is also taken to be an integral part of the learning process We also welcome specialists exploring applied linguistic issues and didactics in both EFL and ESL situations to further help investigating learner interphonology in English learning contexts Papers on these topics are therefore welcome Nevertheless papers can be submitted on all other aspects of the phonology and phonetics of contemporary English ranging from a theoretical to a practical perspective As modern spoken corpora allow exploitations from a variety of angles we also welcome papers which explore the interface between phonology and morphology syntax semantics or pragmatics PAC 2015 Scientific Committee Martin J Ball Linköping University Sweden Nicolas Ballier University of Paris Diderot Paris 7 France Maciej Baranowski University of Manchester England Joan C Beal University of Sheffield England Ricardo Bermúdez Otero University of Manchester England Caroline Bouzon University of Lille 3 France Ines Brulard University of Toulouse France Laurie Buscail University of Perpignan France Basilio Calderone University of Toulouse France Philip Carr University of Montpellier 3 France Jack Chambers University of Toronto Canada Peter Collins University of New South Wales Australia Felicity Cox Macquarie University Australia Sylvain Detey University of Waseda Japan Gerard Docherty Griffith University Australia Jacques Durand University of Toulouse France Karine Duvignau University of Toulouse France Dominique Estival University of Western Sydney Australia Emmanuel Ferragne University of Paris Diderot Paris 7 France Colleen Fitzgerald University of Texas at Arlington USA

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/news (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - LVTI
    in contemporary oral French and English languages the possibilities of levelling and counter levelling are currently a major topic of research for LVTI Both PFC and PAC protocols are being applied to cohorts of speakers 60 informants as an average survey for each location each time with specific sociolinguistic psycholinguistic sociological and pedagogical concerns with specific extensions to both corpora primary and secondary schools As far as possible corpora will include ecological audiovisual recordings in the sociolinguistic sense but one has to remain careful about the comparability of the data Urban life and work as major topics in this programme are meant to bridge the gap between cognitive psychology sociology and language studies in a contemporary urban context The five original PAC PFC goals remain as key areas of research 1 to give a better picture of spoken English in its unity and diversity geographical social and stylistic 2 to test phonological and phonetic models from a synchronic diachronic and variationist point of view 3 to favour communication between phonological studies and speech specialists 4 to provide data and analyses which will help improve the teaching of linguistics and French and English as foreign languages 5 to allow for the preservation of spoken varieties of French and English what the French call conservation du patrimoine e g for Basque But the LVTI protocol is enlarged to fit specific issues of interest as summarized below 1 Collaboration with sociologists specializing in urban centres and work issues We will take advantage of the formal interviews to put a small number of questions to informants relating to urban life work and language It is hoped that our interviews will be complemented by other interviews and possibly questionnaires devised by sociologists which will constitute a large database shared by researchers from different disciplines 2 Collaboration with interactionists specialized in the study of language interaction and in filming informants One of our objectives is to video a number of informants from the most formal situation in the PAC and PFC protocols the reading aloud of lists of words to more natural or ecological situations home interactions work environment etc 3 Collaboration with sociolinguists Our informants will be selected with as much social diversity as possible and if achievable from clearly differentiated districts within Greater Manchester Manchester and Salford In addition to the PAC protocol it is intended that recordings will be made of informants for whom the reading aloud task is difficult or arguably inappropriate Other methods of observation and linguistic study of urban centres are also being explored e g recordings in public places such as railway stations airports shops etc 4 Collaboration with psycholinguists working in language development We intend to apply the protocol to children in primary and secondary schools and complement these with other recordings or psycholinguistic tasks 5 Collaboration with specialists in teaching English or French as a native or foreign language Teachers of English or French have great experience in observing and studying different language situations and recordings made

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/frfr (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - PROTOCOL
    our enemies sneer at some of the good work we do Truth will out Semi guided conversation Between the informant and the interviewer with the help of the usual PAC information sheet Free conversation Between the informant and a relative or friend or colleague Thematic conversation Between the informant and the interviewer in a more relaxed semi conversation style to fit the themes of language work urban life and identity and to back up some of the linguistic issues which are at stake The questionnaire is built so as to lead the informant towards free conversation with the interviewer Three sets of questions are used relating to urban life work and language Along with the classic PAC information sheet this is meant to enable the interviewer to draw a sound sociolinguistic portrait of the informant based on his her level of integration and relationship to his her neighbourhood and the city his her social status and other work related matters and the way he she feels about a possible supralocal norm and the linguistic environment and practice surrounding him her The thematic questionnaire The PAC LVTI original protocol and additions are liable to some slight changes as the specific LVTI need to take account of the speech of children and teenagers implies a few adjustments to this type of informants with the construction of a school version of the protocol for Manchester Grammar School recording of pupils from year 7 onwards and an equivalent high standard school for girls together with two boys and girls lower achieving schools in Greater Manchester another suitable level of protocol for primary schools children aged 5 11 with a shorter version of the text and the design of map tasks The LVTI map tasks were designed after models taken from the Human Communication Research Centre Map Task Corpus Universities of Edinburgh Glasgow http www hcrc ed ac uk LVTI Maptask 1 LVTI Maptask 2 Other adjustments are needed when various levels of literacy or concentration spans have to be taken into account or when a specific group of population is under study a new version of the PAC reading task text was built and validated conversation may be favoured to the detriment of reading tasks in order to inspire the informant s confidence and avoid any fatal break in conversation this happens with some underprivileged speakers The nature of the LVTI questionnaire and themes implies that everything should be done to encourage the informant to use spontaneous speech or at least a more relaxed style of speech In other words some of the questions may be skipped in the interests of the conversation but answers may be obtained at other moments of the interview LVTI is meant to favour recordings in public places and ecological situations such as home interactions and work environment LVTI GREATER TOULOUSE READING TASK 1 WORDLISTS PFC wordlist 94 items READING TASK 2 THE TEXT Le Premier Ministre ira t il à Beaulieu Le village de Beaulieu est en grand

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/protocol-lvti (2016-04-27)
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  • PAC- The Phonology of Contemporary English - Conventions
    Conventions Samples Links Events NEWS ABOUT LVTI LVTI PROTOCOL Conventions SAMPLES EVENTS NEWS Given the common protocol with PAC and PFC four styles of recording to check the speakers system and link up between speech and writing Labovian style equal number of male female speakers age grading and the common methodology anonymised data consent forms a PRAAT research environment Standard Orthographic Transcription conversations aligned on the audio signal LVTI follows

    Original URL path: http://www.projet-pac.net/index.php/conventions-lvti (2016-04-27)
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